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[休斯敦社区资讯]

休斯敦中华民乐团第五届音乐沙龙作品发布[7/16]

作者:世界名人网特约记者综合报道 张新供稿          录入于 July 14, 2011 at 11:08:49:

世界名人网讯  休斯敦中华民乐团自今年三月始开办音乐沙龙以来,直到上个月已成功举办了四届,受到广大乐迷的支持和称赞。休斯顿的多位音乐家萧楫,吴长璐,许瑞庆,顾洁娜,狄子枫分别参加了音乐沙龙的演奏,民乐团的独奏演员李小叶,张淑娟,王竹夕,闫亦修分别展现了她们过人的音乐才能;吴长璐音乐学校的胡玄逸,韩佳缘,鲁嘉怡,李雪,吴亚力,王漫云,东方艺术教育中心舞蹈家胡笳纷纷登台献艺,鼎立助阵。民乐团参加沙龙演奏的还有郦泽泉,张新,杨家骅,邱济平,王月堂,马进,宫蔚,张世德,石小蘩等乐手。四届音乐沙龙举办下来,专家与观众们一致认为,中华民乐团的音乐沙龙展现了中国音乐的绚丽多姿,具有一定的专业水准和学术氛围,对于推广中国民族音乐在海外的普及和传承,和提升民乐团演奏素质等方面,都起到了积极作用。

从下半年起,中华民乐团将会继续举办每月一届的音乐沙龙,内容将更广泛,演奏水准将更上一层楼,也将会有更多的听众和音乐家加入进来。7月16日第五届音乐沙龙是西方音乐作品专辑。作品内容有:

巴赫——《小步舞曲》Johann Sebastian Bach(1685~1750)
莫扎特——《渴望春天》Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(1756~1791)
舒伯特——《小夜曲》Franz Seraphicus Peter Schubert(1797~1828)
舒曼——《梦幻曲》 Robert Alexander Schumann(1810~1856)
圣桑——《天鹅》 Charles Camille Saint-Saëns(1835~1921)
古诺——《圣母颂》 Charles-François Gounod(1818~1893)
马斯涅——《沉思》 Jules Massenet (1842~1912)
萨拉萨蒂——《卡门幻想曲》之阿拉贡舞曲,哈巴涅拉舞曲 Pablo Martín Melitón de Sarasate(1844~1908)

熟知西方古典音乐的听众看到这个曲目,一定不会感到陌生,因为以上所列作品,都是欧洲音乐大师作品中最为流行,也最为大众耳熟能详的乐曲。音乐沙龙之别出心裁,首先体现在用中国传统乐器演奏这些西方名作,观众通过欣赏可以直接感受到东西方音乐文化的对撞和交融;其次,在强调专业性和学术性之外,增加了流行性元素,使演奏更容易为普罗大众所接受和产生共鸣。这也是本届音乐沙龙的主旨。

第五届音乐沙龙将于7月16日(星期六)晚七点三十分在休斯顿东方艺术教育中心举办(地址:10600 Richmond Ave Houston TX 77042),观众一律免票入场。欢迎广大音乐爱好们光临惠顾,详情请登陆中华民乐团网站了解。http://minyuehouston.blogspot.com


Saturday, July 16, 2011 at 7:30 pm
Oriental Art Education Center 
10600 Richmond Ave., Houston, TX 77042  For more details, visit http://minyuehouston.blogspot.com.

PROGRAM

1. Minuet — J.S. Bach
Erhu Ensemble: Ruiqing Xu, Xin Zhang, Yuetang Wang, Jin Ma

2. Sehnsucht nach dem Frühling (Longing for Spring) — W. A. Mozart
Dizi: YiXiu Yan

3. Serenade — F. Schubert
Erhu Duet: Ruiqing Xu, Xin Zhang
Piano: Helen Lu

4. Träumerei — Robert Schumann
Le cygne — Camille Saint-Saëns
Ave Maria — Bach/Gounod
Zhonghu: Xin Zhang
Piano: Francine Di

5. Méditation — Jules Massenet
Pipa: Changlu Wu 
Violin: Elizabeth Zhang

6. Carmen Fantasy — Pablo de Sarasate
i. Aragonaise
ii. Habanera
Erhu: Xin Zhang
Piano: Francine Di

NOTES ON PIECES
1. Minuet — J.S. Bach
A graceful dance in triple meter, the minuet first emerged in the 17th century and became wildly popular at the court of King Louis XIV. It was the only baroque dance form that did not become obsolete in the classical period. Often composed as purely instrumental works, they were subsequently incorporated into the symphony.
Bach was a German composer, organist, harpsichordist, violist, and violinist who wrote sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments. He enriched the prevailing German musical style with a contrapuntal technique, harmonic and motivic organization, and the adaptation of rhythms, forms and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Today, Bach is generally regarded as one of the main composers of the Baroque style and one of the greatest composers of all time.

2. Sehnsucht nach dem Frühling (Longing for Spring) — W. A. Mozart
In 1791, the last year of his life, Mozart wrote a song set to a poem by Christian Christoph Sturm. Using the musical theme from the Rondo movement of his Piano Concerto in B-flat, he invokes children playing joyfully in a field. Though Mozart could hardly have known that he would live to see just one more spring, there is a feeling of resignation in this music that makes us wonder. Two hundred years later, “Longing for Spring” is still a favorite among German-speaking children.

Come, dear May and turn the trees to verdant green
 and make the little violets blossom by the brook!
How gladly I would see a violet one again, dear May
 how I would like once more to take a walk!
But most of all I feel for Charlotte in her grief;
 the poor girl just sits there and longs for blossom time.
In vain I fetch some toys to help her pass the time
 she sits upon her stool just like a broody hen...
If only it got warmer and the grass began to grow!
Do come, dear May, we children do beg you earnestly!
Do come and, above all, bring lots of violets
 and also nightingales and pretty cuckoo birds!

3.  Serenade — F. Schubert
Schubert was an Austrian composer who wrote some 600 Lieder (songs in the German style), nine symphonies, liturgical music, operas, some incidental music, and a large body of chamber and solo piano music. His immortal “Serenade” was originally composed as an alto solo and male chorus and was later rearranged for female voices only. The piano features a guitar-like accompaniment figure. The circumstances of this composition as told by Schubert's biographer, Von Hellborn, are of more than ordinary interest:

"One Sunday, during the summer of 1826, Schubert with several friends was returning from Potzleinsdorf to the city, and on strolling along through Wahring, he saw his friend Tieze sitting at a table in the garden of the 'Zum Biersack.' The whole party determined on a halt in their journey. Tieze had a book lying open before him, and Schubert soon began to turn over the leaves. Suddenly he stopped, and pointing to a poem, exclaimed, 'such a delicious melody has just come into my head, if I but had a sheet of music paper with me.' Herr Doppler drew a few music lines on the back of a bill of fare, and in the midst of a genuine Sunday hubbub, with fiddlers, skittle players, and waiters running about in different directions with orders, Schubert wrote that lovely song."

4. Träumerei — Robert Schumann
Träumerei (Dreaming) is one of Schumann’s best known pieces. It is taken from “Scenes from Childhood,” a set of thirteen piano pieces composed in 1838.

Le cygne — Camille Saint-Saëns
Le cygne (The Swan) is the 13th movement of “The Carnival of the Animals,” originally featuring a solo cello and two pianos. Interestingly, it is this only movement from the set that Saint-Saëns would allow to be played in public during his lifetime, as he thought the remaining movements were too frivolous and would damage his reputation as a serious composer. The piece is often connected to “The Dying Swan,” a poem by Tennyson, and inspired the famous 1905 ballet solo by Anna Pavlova.

Ave Maria — Bach/Gounod
The Bach/Gounod Ave Maria is a popular and much-recorded setting of the Latin text Ave Maria. Written by French Romantic composer Charles Gounod in 1859, it consists of a melody superimposed over Bach’s Prelude No. 1 in C major. Many different instrumental arrangements exist, including for violin and guitar, string quartet, piano solo, cello, and even trombones. The piece is often performed in Catholic wedding ceremonies, and countless pop and opera singers, as well as choirs, have recorded it during the 20th century.

5. Méditation — Jules Massenet
Massenet was a French composer best known for his operas, but he also wrote concert suites, ballet music, oratorios and cantatas and about 200 songs. Méditation from the opera Thaïs, which premiered in 1894, has achieved widespread popularity and has become world-famous in many arrangements.

6. Carmen Fantasy — Pablo de Sarasate
Written in 1883, this violin fantasy is based on themes from the opera Carmen by Georges Bizet. Because of its delicate techniques and range of expression, it is considered one of Sarasate’s most challenging virtuosic works and is often performed in violin competitions.


NOTES ON INSTRUMENTS

The erhu is a two-stringed bowed musical instrument. It is the most popular of the huqin family of traditional bowed string instruments used by various ethnic groups of China. A very versatile instrument, the erhu is used in both traditional and contemporary music arrangements.

The dizi is a Chinese transverse flute and is widely used in many genres of Chinese folk music, as well as Chinese opera, and the modern Chinese orchestra. Traditionally, the dizi has also been popular among the Chinese common people, as it is simple to make and easy to carry.

The zhonghu is a low-pitched Chinese bowed string instrument. Together with the erhu and gaohu, it is a member of the huqin family, and was developed in the 20th century as the alto member (similar to how the European viola is used in western orchestras).

The pipa is a four-stringed Chinese musical instrument. Sometimes called the Chinese lute, it has a pear-shaped wooden body with the number of frets ranging from 12–26. The pipa is one of the most popular Chinese instruments and has been played for nearly two thousand years in China.



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